Differences between British English and American English
English is the most popular and worldly accepted official language, which is why numerous people take corporate English training. However, you will notice that people from different regions speak the same language differently. Every region has its dialect and pronunciation of the same language. The two most prominent representations of the English language are its American and British undertakings. Both of it has different pronunciation and spelling of the same word. Not only that, the two even consist of a very varied vocabulary and grammar.
Similar to the case in numerous nations all over the planet that consumes American music, Television programs, and Hollywood movies. This content has an enormous and faithful audience crowd in India; subsequently, we are intimately acquainted with American English. Simultaneously, students in India have been educated in British English since early on, and even all our spoken English live classes are in British English. Also, we use British English’s spelling and jargon daily and professionally. Although you can convey and receive communication in both written and verbal in both British and American English and be perceived by English speakers. Knowing the distinctions between the two is extremely helpful and necessary. Let’s start by explaining the two.
What is American English?
American English, as the name suggests, is the English that is spoken and practised in the United States of America. This English consists of all the dialects, pronunciation and grammar practised within the United States of America. Though American English is not practised in India and other commonwealth and adjourning countries, they can easily learn the linguistic practices and pronunciations via English conversation classes.
What is British English?
Similar to American English, British English is also the English language spoken and practised in the United Kingdom. However, British English is slightly more popular than American English for unknown reasons. The former is even practised in Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Canada, Ireland, India, and all the other commonwealth regions. If people want to improve their British English or go up to the next level, they can undertake an Advanced English-speaking course and meet their professional linguistic goals.
History of British English versus American English:
English was acquainted with America through British colonization in the mid-seventeenth century. It likewise spread to numerous different regions of the planet on account of the strength of the British domain. Throughout the long term, English spoken in the US and England began veering from one another from different angles. This prompted another lingo American English.
American versus British English articulation:
Preceding the Progressive Conflict and American freedom from the British in 1776, American and British pronunciations were comparable. Both were rhotic. For example, speakers articulated the letter R in hard. Beginning around 1776, the accents veered; however, English articulation in America has changed less definitely than in Britain. Towards the finish of the eighteenth hundred years, non-rhotic discourse took off in southern Britain, particularly among the high society; this “esteem” non-rhotic discourse was normalized and had been advancing in Britain from then onwards. Most American intonations, in any case, remained rhotic. There are a couple of interesting exemptions: New York and New Britain inflections became non-rhotic, maybe in light of the district’s English associations. Irish and Scottish pronunciations, nonetheless, remained rhotic. One can learn more about American English from English communication classes. American and British English have a few accents, and there is no such genuine American or British English pronunciation.
The American English foundation: Noah Webster and the Blue-Supported Speller-
Indeed, even after America acquired freedom, American schools utilized British course book readings imported from Britain. Noah Webster, an American word specialist, patriot, and productive political essayist, thought they were unsuitable. He hated the impact and control of British nobility over the English language and its pompous guidelines for spelling and articulation.
So during the 1780s, Webster composed and distributed A Syntactic Organization of the English Language, a summary of spellings distributed in 1783. A grammar was distributed in 1784, and a reader was distributed in 1785. The speller turned out to be extremely well-known. After some time, Webster changed the spellings in the book to be more phonetic, for example, variety rather than variety; guard rather than protection. Webster’s progressions enormously affected American English since his language structure books were famous and utilized nationwide in schools. American English got established from this point onwards, and to know more about the language, join English communication courses.
This impact was additionally set by Webster’s word references, first distributed in 1806. Noah Webster was a spelling reformer who accepted that the spelling of words ought to match their elocution however much as could be expected.
One of the most obvious differences between British and American English is the pronunciation of certain words. For example, the British typically pronounce the letter “r” in words such as “car” and “hard,” whereas Americans often drop the “r” sound altogether. Similarly, the British emphasize the second syllable in words like “controversy” and “laboratory,” while Americans emphasize the first.
Another significant difference in pronunciation is the use of the long “a” sound. In British English, the long “a” sound is pronounced as “ah,” as in the word “bath.” In American English, the long “a” sound is pronounced as “ay,” as in the word “bay.” Other vowel sounds can also vary between the two dialects, such as the “o” sound in words like “hot” and “coffee.” In British English, this sound is typically pronounced as a short “o,” whereas in American English, it is often pronounced as a long “aw” sound. Enrol in online English conversation classes to learn more about these pronunciation differences.
The contrasting use of tenses:
In Britain, the current amazing is utilized for communicating an activity that has happened in the new past that affects the current second. For instance: I’ve lost my pen. Might you help me to find it? In American English, using the past tense is also permissible: I lost my pen. Please assist me with tracking it down. In English, in any case, involving the previous tense in this model would be thought of as wrong. Different contrasts, including the utilization of the current wonderful in English and straightforward past in American English, incorporate the words as of now, just, yet, and but.
Another significant difference between British and American English is the use of certain vocabulary. For example, the British commonly use “lorry” to refer to a large truck or commercial vehicle, whereas Americans typically use the word “truck.” Similarly, the British use the word “petrol” to refer to gasoline, while Americans use the word “gas” or “gasoline.”
There are also differences in the use of certain everyday words. For example, the British commonly use the word “biscuit” to refer to a type of cookie, while Americans use the word “cookie.” Similarly, the British use the word “chips” to refer to what Americans call “french fries,” while the British use the word “crisps” to refer to what Americans call “potato chips.”
There are also some significant differences in grammar between British English and American English. For example, collective nouns are often treated as singular nouns in American English. For example, Americans might say, “The team is playing well,” while the British would say, “The team is playing well.” Similarly, Americans might say, “The government is considering new rules,” while the Brits will say that “The government is considering new rules.”
The prepositions usage between the two is also quite evident. For example, Americans might say, “I’m going to the store,” while the British might say, “I’m going to the shops.” Similarly, Americans might say, “I’m online,” while the British might say, “I’m in the queue.”
Another significant difference in grammar is the use of the present perfect tense. In British English, this tense is often used to describe an action that has occurred recently and has continuing relevance to the present. For example, a British speaker might say, “I’ve just had breakfast,” whereas an American speaker might say, “I just had breakfast.” Using grammar and tenses can confuse some; they can join certain business English courses to polish their speaking skills and available professional scopes.
There are a few differences in spelling between the British and American English. For example, the British tend to use the letter “u” in words such as “colour” and “favour,” whereas Americans typically omit the “u” and spell these words as “colour” and “favour.” Similarly, the British tend to use the letter “s” in words like “realize” and “analyze,” while Americans use the letter “z” and spell these words as “realize” and “analyze.”
British English and American English have more likenesses than contrasts. The contrast between American and English is frequently misrepresented. If you can comprehend one style, you ought to have the option to figure out the other style. Except for a few territorial vernaculars, most Brits and Americans can converse with each other without a lot of trouble. While there might be sure contrasts between British and American English, the key focal point is that the two have more similitudes. Inadvertently utilizing one rather than the other won’t consequently prompt miscommunication. Americans and Brits can generally speak with one another without much trouble, so be generous with yourself if you can’t retain the subtleties of the two dialects.